Banyan Tree: The Complete Guide (And One Thing You Never Expected... It Moves) (2023)

Did you know that Banyan is one of over 700 species of fig trees?

Correct! But this strange tree has more cool facts than just reddish (but tasteless) fruit. They are actually pollinated by tiny wasps that nest inside the figs!

But something you probably never suspected…andeven more amazingis it the treemovements.In fact, it "crosses over" to another area in a wonderfully strange way.

Read on to find out more!

This comprehensive ficus guide provides all kinds of wonderful and amazing facts about this amazing tree that actually moves sideways along ... creating an intricate web of plants that looks like an entire forest!

What is so special about the Banyan Tree?

The fig tree is huge. But instead of growing like other seed trees, it does something strange. It behaves like a vine and reproduces with the help of host plants to form tangled trunks and wide branches.

Then thisfiguratively it "walks", taking root where and when it can... and once caught, it takes root sideways as far as it can go!

Its canopy is thick with leaves and provides plenty of shade, creating a surreal tunnel the older you get.

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Photo: Brandon Green6

In the capital of West Bengal, visitors see what originally looks like a forest. The branches that come together to build a wide canopy over the botanical garden are the so-calledthe length of a long city block.


It turns out that "forest" is not a collection of trees at all.This is one tree, known as the Great Banyan Tree, a tree with over 3,000 roots that fuse together in a dense configuration.

Related reading: Wonderful and inspiringtree quotes

How the banyan tree grows and spreads

There are many species of the fig tree, and most of them are constrictors, including the fig tree. (Think honeysuckle and other climbing plants that use another as a prop.)

The process begins when a seed left by a foraging animal or bird survives on a branch of a neighboring tree, also known as a host tree.

The seeds develop roots that eventually reach the ground and surround the trunk of the host tree. The roots intertwine and intertwine with the host's trunk, creating a barrier that compresses the trunk and forces it to compete for food.

This invasion of territory sometimes kills the host tree. And that's why the new Banyan tree is more of a collection of massive roots than a traditional tree trunk.

Characteristics for Banyan Tree

Due to their strange nature, ficus trees have specific characteristics.

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Here are some features of the fig tree that will help with identification.

Ficus leaf

Banyan leaves are large, about 4-8 inches long and 3-6 inches in diameter. They are thick and leathery and their shade is green to olive.

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The shape of the leaf is oval, pointed, and the edges are smooth. The petiole (the part of the stem that connects the leaf to the stem) is short and covered with fine hairs.

Ficus roots

Older banyan trees haveaerial roots(above ground) that mature into thick trunks that merge into the main trunk over time.

Old trees spread laterally by using overhanging roots to grow in large areas that over time can resemble a tree slope, with all trunks attached directly or indirectly to the original trunk.

Banyan Tree duft

The banyan exudes a subtle fragrance of a sweet, floral scent, as do many vines.

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Banyan Tree Fruit (Banyan Tree Figs)

The tree produces figs. Unlike many figs, however, the reddish fig fruit is barely edible.

How tall will the banana tree grow?

Banyan grows up to 100 feet tall and grows sideways.

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Over time, a tree can resemble a small forest.

Flowering Banyan trees

Although this tree bears fruit, its flowers are hidden when the flowers are enclosed in a fleshy fig-like fruit.

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Foto: EllenChan.7

In fact, the leaves grow small flowers and are a haven for many varieties of insects.

Native growing areas of the Banyan Tree

The Banyan Tree does not grow well in cold climates. In the United States, it only blooms south of Miami, Florida. Its main growing regions remain in India, its birthplace.

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Photo: DebraJean7

In trying to explain the name Banyan, people refer the name to any of the hundreds of fig trees that are pollinated by a single species of small wasps that reproduce in the fruit of their partner trees.

All banyans belong to a variety known as strangler figs, meaning that the tree grows from seeds that land on a neighboring tree and take root to suffocate their hosts, then grow into columns to support the branches, which take on the appearance of new trunks.

(Video) Ficus Audrey/Banyan Tree Care & Info (Ficus benghalensis)

This allows him to "move".

Cultivation of Banyan

Fig trees can be planted from branches or seeds. The cuttings are cut from the tips and rooted or harvested half an inch below and above the leaf.

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As a houseplant, ficus grows well in well-drained and slightly moist soil.The soil must be saturated and allowed to dry out between waterings.

Gardeners should ensure that the tree does not languish in water, as its leaves may turn yellow and fall off the branch with high saturation.

Growing a banyan tree in your garden

Growing a ficus in any garden is a painstaking task. WhileOak treethe tree takes care of itself, the ficus is picky.

This is primarily due to the large space needed to grow it, but also the labor required to grow it.

In the early stages of growth, the right location and the right "food" matter. So if you are one of those brave souls who want to grow this tree,make sure you have plenty of room.

Many people suggest that growing figs in the United States is not the best idea. As an invasive species (one that does not grow naturally here), the unintended impact is unknown.

Kudzu plants, for example, were brought from Asia to the United States as a means of controlling runoff in some places. But the species quickly took over, and because it kills plants below, it could threaten the existence of native species. Bringing an unknown species to an area is as dangerous as depleting the rainforest, as an invasive species can be a deadly addition to an ecosystem's delicate balance.

Related reading:13 amazing and interesting facts about the Amazon rainforest

Ficus folklore and strange facts

Banyans are the largest trees in the world in terms of the area they cover. The largest living one grows in Andhra Pradesh, India. Its mass covers five hectares and can accommodate tens of thousands of people.2

  • Banyans grow large quantities of figs, which feed many species of birds and primates. Sticky figs travel with the animal and help spread the seeds. This action is called ecological support.
  • The first Europeans to see the fig tree were the Greeks on their way to invade India 2,400 years ago.
  • When the English poet John Milton wrote "Paradise Lost", he noted that the fig tree served Adam and Eve when they wore their first clothes.
  • Hindu scriptures claim that Krishna stood under the Banyan tree when he preached from the Bhagavad Gita.
  • Hindu texts from before the year 2000 speak of a cosmic fig tree whose roots reach to the heavens and whose trunk and branches hang down to the earth, bestowing blessings on mankind.
  • The colonial British hanged many rebels from fig trees while India was fighting for independence. Banyan became India's national tree after independence.

Banyan Tree in religious worship

Trees have great importance in Hinduism, they are considered sacred and associated with gods and goddesses.

  • Banjan is revered in Hinduism for its ability to live for centuries and is considered the refuge of God.
  • Its large leaves are often used in worship and rituals. The tree is considered a symbol of immortality and Brahma for the creator.
  • The goddess Shiva represents the main trunk and is worshiped under the abundant canopy of the tree.

Healing properties of banyan trees

People used bananas assource of medicine for millennia.

The following information does not constitute medical advice and should not be considered as such. Always consult a qualified physician before using home remedies or natural substances.

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The people of Nepal use banyan root, leaves, and bark to treat many conditions, including:

  • Treats Diarrhea: Soak small sprouting leaves in water and you get an astringent, good for healinggastrointestinal irritation.
  • Prevents cavities and gum disease: Chewing roots prevent gum disease,caries, ibleeding gums. The roots are like natural toothpaste and also help to removebad breath. The root has a cleansing power that helps prevent and treat most oral health problems.
  • Boosts Immunity: Banyan Tree Barkgood immune system.
  • Prevents inflammation: Treessafthas anti-inflammatory and healing propertiesarthritis.
  • Prevents depression: Fig fruit extracts, e.gincrease serotonin levels in the brainand relieve depression.
  • Lowers Cholesterol: There are two types of cholesterol in our body - "good" and "bad". Banyan tree bark is great for lowering bad cholesterol while keeping good cholesterol high.
  • Diabetes: An infusion of the roots helps treat high blood pressuresugarhorizontal.

Culinary Uses of the Banyan Tree

The reddish fig fruit is barely edible. People resort to eating it only when hunger strikes. Although the leaves are edible, they are often used as plates and in food packaging.

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Image: Number of rows.6

The leaves are also used to flavor food cooked over a fire9)

Conservation of Banyan trees through community efforts

In India, a conservation project was established to help spread awareness and education in local communities to educate citizens about the great importance of the fig tree.

Fifty fig trees were protected by erecting fences around the hanging roots. In 2022, 30 more trees are planned for protection.

Drooping roots need support to help extend branching. The project aims to save the roots from being chopped down by humans and eaten by goats. The roots need protection for two years during the tree's growth. Protecting them will help them reach the ground.


Wood from root branches is useful and strong. It is used for tent poles, wall decorations, shafts, tabletops and other load-bearing wood products

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Photo: SandeepHanda7

These facts increase the numberhow many trees are felled each year, because the ficus tree is used for a number of different products.

How Much Carbon Does the Banyan Tree Sequester Consume?

The amount of carbon emissions that each tree can absorb depends on the size and age of the tree. Because Banyan trees are so large and so widespread, it is difficult to estimate how much emissions they can remove from the atmosphere. Although not listed as one of the8 endangered tree species that help fight climate change, you can definitely replace it understrange treescategory and the fact that Banyan can live so long by storing CO2in its roots and strain make it a valuable part of the global ecosystem.

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Understanding more about the Banyan tree is a great way to spread the love for trees and offset the carbon emissions an energy tree can have on the health of the planet.

Now calculate the carbon sequestration of the Banyan tree

Tree protection is a priority for many of themCO2 compensating companiesto which they are dedicatedplanting trees that offset carbon emissionsprojects. You can engage with these suppliers and those who support and love trees, including the Banyan Tree, by measuring "my ecological footprint'Not.


What is the moral of the story the banyan tree? ›

Answer: The moral of the story "Under the Banyan Tree" is that artistic creativity is a gift to be used for the benefit of other people. That's certainly how the story's protagonist, Nambi, uses his gifts as a storyteller.

What is the banyan tree myth? ›

The banyan became a potent symbol of fertility, life and resurrection. It features in Hindu stories of the universe's periodic death and rebirth, when everything that exists dissolves into a ceaseless sea. One story says an 'undying' banyan is the only thing to survive the deluge.

What is the banyan tree ritual? ›

In Goa, Hindu married women observe a whole day of fasting and perform pooja of the banyan tree, urging the tree to grant a long, healthy and happy life to their husbands. The banyan tree has the ability to support its ever growing branches by the development of adventitious roots from its branches.

What is unusual about the banyan tree? ›

The banyan fig tree Ficus microcarpa is famous for its aerial roots, which sprout from branches and eventually reach the soil. The tree also has a unique relationship with a wasp that has coevolved with it and is the only insect that can pollinate it.

What is the conclusion of the banyan tree? ›

Aparna's conclusions of the banyan tree probe us to realize that human beings do not live in isolation, but as part of something much bigger.

What does banyan symbolize? ›

The banyan tree is considered as the symbol of immortality. It has aerial roots that grow down from its branches forming additional trunks and anchor the tree to the ground, therefore this tree is also known as Bahupada, or the one with several feet. This tree symbolizes the creator Brahma, as it symbolizes longevity.

What is the spirit of the banyan tree? ›

In Hindu lore, the banyan tree is considered a heavenly tree because it is said to be the place where the gods and spirits of deceased ancestors love hanging out. Shiva and Durga love hanging around the banyan tree, making it emit large amounts of spiritual energy.

Why was the banyan tree problematic? ›

Why was the banyan tree a problem ? The banyan tree was a problem because its roots went very deep into the soil as it was very old.

What is a popular belief about the banyan? ›

Answer; A popular belief about the banyan is that it is a God and people worship it.

Which God lives in banyan tree? ›

Abode of Lord Shiva: The Vata Vriksha is also known to be the home of Lord Shiva. A banyan tree is considered immortal and free from change. Similarly, Lord Shiva is ever-present in his Linga form and resides under the Banyan tree.

Is banyan tree a holy tree? ›

The sacred Banyan tree is the national tree of India, and the Bodhi Tree under which the Buddha is said to have meditated in Bodh Gaya, is also revered as sacred. Sacred trees are some times planted in the sacred groves, which can also have other type of trees too.

Why is the banyan tree called the tree of life? ›

The banyan tree symbolizes immortality. Its roots grow down from its branches and form trunks and anchor the tree to the earth. That is why it is called Bahupada, the one with several feet, the soul that never dies nor renews. It represents the vehicle to spirituality, devoid of all materialistic urges.

What are the values of banyan tree? ›

A banyan tree is important to Indian society not only for its religious significance but also for the myriad of health benefits that you can derive from it. It can cure chronic diarrhoea, dysentery and piles. It eases leucorrhoea too. It treats gum and teeth disorders and lowers back and rheumatic pain.

Why is banyan tree important? ›

Banyan is considered a holy plant and is also known as the National tree of India. It is worshipped by many and is planted around homes and temples. Banyan has many health benefits. It helps manage blood glucose levels by increasing insulin secretion due to its antioxidant properties.

What is the short quote of banyan tree? ›

This is an old Indian saying. The banyan tree provides shade and is comfortable, but also no sun is for growth. Many leaders are banyan trees; to protect and shield their people but nothing grows under them.

Who had seen the devil in the banyan tree? ›

Ans- Swami remembered all the stories of devils and ghosts he had heard. His friend Mani had seen the devil in the banyan tree at his street-end and Munisami's father had spat blood because the devil had slapped his face.

Why is the banyan tree a good metaphor for Hinduism? ›

The banyan also has great cultural significance for India. The shade of the banyan is a gathering place for the transmission of stories in the oral tradition. It is also described in Hindu texts as both a resting place of the gods, and a source of wisdom.

Which tree is God? ›

Peepal tree is one of the most worshipped tree of India and is also popularly known as the Bodhi tree. It is sacred for Buddhist people because it is believed that Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment under this tree. In hinduism, the peepal tree represent the three supreme gods- Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva.

Which tree is called the tree of life? ›

In West Africa, the South Asian Moringa oleifera tree is regarded as a "tree of life" or "miracle tree" by some because it is arguably the most nutritious source of plant-derived food discovered on the planet.

Where do banyan trees grow in the US? ›

Species Overview

Within North America, the banyan tree is present only in Florida.

What is the most sacred tree in the world? ›

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, the most sacred tree.

It is the southernmost branch of the Bodhi tree in India, under which Buddha attained Enlightenment. The tree was planted in 288 BC, making it the oldest tree intentionally planted by humans. It is revered by Buddhists worldwide.

What is the tree of life symbol? ›

The tree of life represents the afterlife, and connection between the earth and heaven. The bond and affection to trees is so deep that Celts believed the actual trees were their ancestors, gatekeepers to the Celtic Otherworld. As such, the tree of life in Celtic Culture is sacred.

What does the cutting down of the banyan tree symbol? ›

The banyan tree is personified by the poet as the one that grows big in his dreams. The trees seethe in his dream implying that he is writhing in agony in his dreams. The poet is trying to convey that the tree is in anguish in his dreams as it was mercilessly chopped down.

What does the tree of life symbolize in the Bible? ›

The tree of life imparts God's own life, and to be near it and eat from it is to be near to God and to ingest his own life power and presence.

Is the banyan tree a true story? ›

Its true story is no less extraordinary than the myth. It is a banyan (Ficus benghalensis), one of hundreds of species of fig trees. No other plants feature in so rich a mix of folklore and faith stories as the figs.

What is the popular belief about the banyan? ›

Answer; A popular belief about the banyan is that it is a God and people worship it.

Which god is in banyan tree? ›

In Hinduism, the leaf of the banyan tree is said to be the resting place for the god Krishna.

Why banyan tree is called immortal? ›

The Banyan tree does not let a blade of grass grow under it. Thus Banyan tree does not allow for any rebirth and renewal.

What is the famous quotes on banyan tree? ›

This is an old Indian saying. The banyan tree provides shade and is comfortable, but also no sun is for growth. Many leaders are banyan trees; to protect and shield their people but nothing grows under them.

Who was enlightened under a banyan tree? ›

It was here (Bodhgaya) under a banyan tree, the Bodhi Tree, Gautama attained nirvana and soon be termed as 'The Enlightened One. Bodhgaya is one of the most important and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage centre in the world.

Could the banyan tree be seen as a symbol? ›

The Banyan tree represents eternal life, because of its ever-expanding branches. The country's unity is symbolized by the trees huge structure and its deep roots.

Who was sitting in an old banyan tree? ›

The story, “The Banyan Tree” makes reference to, an exemplary youngster's battle between the cobra and the mongoose while he was sitting in an old banyan tree during his visit to his granddad's home.


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